Datasikkerhet og valg

Jeg har lurt på om jeg skal forsøke å stemme elektronisk ved neste korsvei, hvis det er mulig der jeg bor. Tror nemlig det er noen eksperimenter på gang i min kommune. Men hvor sikkert er det egentlig å stemme elektronisk? Kan noe knytte min stemme til meg? Eller, enda verre: Kan stemmen min bli endret av ivrige hackere? I følge Common Dreams News Center foregikk det manipulering av stemmer ved siste valg i USA. Historien høres nesten for vill ut til å være sann.

“What surprises people is that the central tabulator is just a PC, like what you and I use. It’s just a regular computer.”

“So,” Dean said, “anybody who can hack into a PC can hack into a central tabulator?”

Harris nodded affirmation, and pointed out how Diebold uses a program called GEMS, which fills the screen of the PC and effectively turns it into the central tabulator system. “This is the official program that the County Supervisor sees,” she said, pointing to a PC that was sitting between them loaded with Diebold’s software.

Bev then had Dean open the GEMS program to see the results of a test election. They went to the screen titled “Election Summary Report” and waited a moment while the PC “adds up all the votes from all the various precincts,” and then saw that in this faux election Howard Dean had 1000 votes, Lex Luthor had 500, and Tiger Woods had none. Dean was winning.

“Of course, you can’t tamper with this software,” Harris noted. Diebold wrote a pretty good program.

But, it’s running on a Windows PC.

So Harris had Dean close the Diebold GEMS software, go back to the normal Windows PC desktop, click on the “My Computer” icon, choose “Local Disk C:,” open the folder titled GEMS, and open the sub-folder “LocalDB” which, Harris noted, “stands for local database, that’s where they keep the votes.” Harris then had Dean double-click on a file in that folder titled “Central Tabulator Votes,” which caused the PC to open the vote count in a database program like Excel.

In the “Sum of the Candidates” row of numbers, she found that in one precinct Dean had received 800 votes and Lex Luthor had gotten 400.

“Let’s just flip those,” Harris said, as Dean cut and pasted the numbers from one cell into the other. “And,” she added magnanimously, “let’s give 100 votes to Tiger.”

They closed the database, went back into the official GEMS software “the legitimate way, you’re the county supervisor and you’re checking on the progress of your election.”

As the screen displayed the official voter tabulation, Harris said, “And you can see now that Howard Dean has only 500 votes, Lex Luthor has 900, and Tiger Woods has 100.” Dean, the winner, was now the loser.

Harris sat up a bit straighter, smiled, and said, “We just edited an election, and it took us 90 seconds.”

Takk til Herman Robak på EFN-lista for tipset.

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